Hong Kong College of Cardiology: 80% of cardiovascular disease patients were not getting enough exercise.
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has left most of us indoors, and many find it difficult to maintain a workout routine.
According to a study by the Hong Kong Heart Institute, cardiovascular disease The patient was not exercising enough. In contrast, 30% of her adults have exercised less frequently since the pandemic.
Dr Andy Chan Weikwon, president of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology, shared that heart disease mortality has increased during the pandemic. Hazama called on the public to exercise more at home.
According to the Center for Health Protection, 6,561 people died of heart disease in Hong Kong in 2020. This number accounted for 13% of all deaths, of which nearly 60% died from coronary heart disease.
Since the pandemic, heart disease mortality will hit a 10-year high in 2021, with 89 heart disease deaths per 100,000 people.
The Hong Kong College of Cardiology conducted a questionnaire to 354 heart patients or follow-up patients in July and August 2022. The university got her 266 valid responses. Of the 266 individuals, 70% were male and more than 65% were overweight or obese.
Pandemic Impact on Heart Health
Dr. Chan revealed that the impact of the pandemic on respondents was mixed.
During the pandemic, 30% of adults weighed more than they did pre-pandemic. But another 30% of him weigh less than before the coronavirus outbreak.
40% of participants ate unhealthy, oily, and salty take-out meals before the pandemic. To my relief, nearly 30% of people ate vegetables and fruits regularly.
30% of interviewees had less desirable lifestyle habits during the pandemic, while 40% experienced increased stress.
When it came to sleep quality, 30% suffered from poor sleep hygiene.
When it comes to physical activity, the study found that 30% of adults exercised less during lockdown, while only 20% increased. This was consistent with other similar field studies.
Respondents said the reason for their lack of exercise was the closure of recreational and sports centers due to COVID-19 policies. Some interviewees said they found it difficult to resume regular exercise after quitting, while others said they were unable to participate in group sports due to social distancing restrictions. I could not do it.
In this study, 80% were inactive and 25% of them were not doing aerobic exercise.
Why Exercise is Essential for Cardiovascular Health
The Hong Kong College of Cardiology, citing recommendations from the World Health Organization and the American College of Sports Medicine, states that adults should engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous aerobic activity each week.
As for high-intensity workouts, they should be at least 75 minutes with at least two days of strength training, especially chest, back and upper thighs.
Adolescents between the ages of 6 and 17 need twice as much exercise as adults. A child under the age of 17 should get at least 60 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week and at least 3 days of her doing vigorous-intensity aerobic activity.
The survey revealed that less than 20% of adults know the numbers proposed by the World Health Organization.
Reduce disease risk and mortality
Dr. Leung Tat-chi, incoming Godwin President of College of Cardiology, said:
Third high school is expensive blood pressurehyperglycemia (hyperglycemia), and high cholesterol (hyperlipidemia).
Exercise reduces mortality from cardiovascular disease by 67%. That’s twice as much for her for people who sit still and sit for long periods of time. For people with cardiovascular disease, physical activity reduces anxiety and depression.
Leung pointed to a South Korean study of 200,000 people that showed that active people were less likely to catch the coronavirus and were half as likely to develop severe disease.
Do you/would you rather not wear a mask while working out?
Many people find wearing a mask to work out uncomfortable. “Exercise with a mask on tends to feel difficult because of the ventilation,” said Rui Robo Hantak, a senior lecturer at the Hong Kong University of Education’s Department of Health and Physical Education.
Studies have shown that wearing a mask does not affect physical functions such as heart rate or blood oxygen. Cover only affects your physical performance in high and extreme intensity exercises. It is also safe for people with cardiovascular disease to wear masks while exercising.
Watch Yourself During Your Workout
“Cardiovascular patients should pay attention to their physical condition when exercising,” Leung said. No. It is safe for stable patients to exercise for heart health.”
Lee also said heart patients with angina and asthma should not exercise. “Such patients should consult their physicians for the time being as they may need coronary intervention.”
Hypertensive patients with resting readings above 180 should also monitor and stabilize blood pressure levels prior to exercise.
Leung agreed that moderate-intensity training is appropriate for patients with stable heart disease, but they should first consult a doctor and have an electrocardiogram done.
Leung also recommended slow, gradual exercise, along with participating in cardiac rehabilitation to help reduce relapses and improve quality of life.
patient options with 3 highs
Leung suggested that patients with 3 highs could try power walking, swimming, or cycling. But older patients should do more balance training, such as tai chi, light squats, and yoga. explained.
Indoor workouts to strengthen muscles and heart
Working all muscle groups (arms, legs, torso, etc.) improves blood circulation and heart function.
Simple home exercises for all ages and conditions
Dr. Lobo emphasized that sitting for long periods of time negatively affects blood circulation. An easy way is to lean against a chair or table for support.Then swing your legs back and forth one at a time.”
He emphasized working the arm muscles with simple movements that stretch the arms and back. He can easily practice during office breaks or at home watching TV.